Jesus (born some time between 7 and 3 BC, died between 30 and 33 AD), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity.
Most historians agree that he was a Jew from a place called Judea, in a town called Nazareth, within what is now Israel. They also agree that he was thought of as a teacher and a healer, and that he was baptized by John the Baptist. He was crucified in Jerusalem on the orders of Pontius Pilate.
The Quran claims that Jesus was a Muslim.
Stories about the life of Jesus have been recorded by different writers. The best known are four books called gospels. They form the beginning of the New Testament, a part of the Bible. Gospel means "good news". They tell a little about his birth, and mostly about his adult life: his teachings, ministry, death, and resurrection (return from death). The four Gospels are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
Several Jewish and Roman historians, such as Flavius Josephus, Tacitus, Pliny the Younger, and Suetonius mention Jesus in their writings. They usually only mention his execution or problems between the Roman government and his followers; they do not talk about his life.
The name Jesus came from the Aramaic name "Yeshua", from Hebrew Yah-shua, meaning "God is salvation (or deliverance)" in English, and was a popular name of the time. Jesus is often called "Jesus Christ" or "Christ". The word Christ comes from the Greek word christos and means "the one marked on the head with oil" or "the anointed one". In Jesus' country, anointing was done to show that a person was chosen to be a king or a leader. Jesus is also called Messiah, which comes from the Hebrew term Moshiach, and also means "the anointed one".